This study was designed to evaluate the effect of oral administration of ginsenoside Rg1 on oxidative stress induced by cyclophosphamide in chickens. Ninety-six chickens were randomly divided into 4 groups, each consisting of 24 birds. Groups 2 and 3 received intramuscular injection of cyclophosphamide at 100 mg/kg body weight for 3 d to induce oxidative stress and immune suppression. Groups 1 and 4 were injected with saline in the same way as groups 2 and 3. Then chickens in group 3 were orally administrated Rg1 of 1 mg/kg body weight in drinking water for 7 d. After that, groups 1 to 3 were orally vaccinated with attenuated infectious bursal disease vaccine (Strain B87). Blood samples were collected for determination of infectious bursal disease virus-specific antibodies, cytokines, and oxidative parameters. Splenocytes were prepared for lymphocyte proliferation assay. The results showed that oral administration of ginsenoside Rg1 significantly enhanced specific antibody, IFN-γ, and IL-6 responses, and lymphocyte proliferation induced by concanavalin A and lipopolysaccharide in chickens injected with cyclophosphamide. Antioxidant activity of ginsenoside Rg1 was also observed in chickens by increased total antioxidant capacity, total superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione, ascorbic acid, and α-tocopherol, as well as decreased malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl. Therefore, oral administration of Rg1 was shown to improve the immune responses to infectious bursal disease vaccine in chickens suffering from oxidative stress.