Influence of trace mineral sources on broiler performance, lymphoid organ weights, apparent digestibility, and bone mineralization

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Abstract

This experiment was conducted to examine the effect of trace mineral sources on broiler performance, carcass composition, trace mineral digestibility, and tibia bone quality of broiler chickens. A total of 480 Ross 308 male day-old chicks were allocated to 24 pens and assigned to 4 dietary treatments in a completely randomized design. Treatments were as follows: inorganic (I) was basal diet supplemented with 750 g/t inorganic trace mineral premix; organic 1 (O1) and organic 2 (O2) was basal diet supplemented with 375 and 500 g/t organic yeast proteinate trace mineral premix respectively; and hydroxychloride (H) was basal diet supplemented with 1000 g/t salt encrusted trace mineral premix. On day 25, no differences in feed intake (FI), body weight gain (BWG), feed conversion ratio (FCR), or livability (LV) were observed between treatments (P > 0.05). On day 38 birds fed O1 and H had higher weight gain (P < 0.05) and lower FCR (P < 0.001) relative to I. Mineral sources had no impact on FI or LV (P > 0.05) on day 38. Spleen percentage of body weight on day 25 was increased in birds fed O1 and H treatments (P < 0.05) over the I treatment. Mineral sources had no effect on relative weights of thymus or bursa of Fabricius on day 25, or bone quality and carcass composition on day 39 (P > 0.05). Apparent digestibilities of Cu and Zn were greater in birds fed yeast proteinated trace minerals compared to other sources.

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