Chest Wall Reconstruction with Porcine Acellular Dermal Matrix (Strattice) and Autologous Tissue Transfer for High Risk Patients with Chest Wall Tumors

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Abstract

Background:

Tenets of chest wall reconstruction for malignancy are well known; however, the insertion of synthetic prosthetic material to achieve rigid and nonrigid skeletal reconstruction could be associated with more complications including infection and extrusion especially in high risk patients. This includes fungating, infected tumors, previous radiotherapy, scars, smoking, diabetes, and morbid obesity. Bioprosthesis Acelluar Dermal Matrix Strattice would be a substitute to resist infection and provide stable coverage.

Methods:

A retrospective data analysis study on 8 high-risk patients who underwent chest wall resection and reconstruction with bioprosthesis (Strattice) with/without titanium plates in the period between 2012 and 2017 was performed. Patient’s demographics, risk factors, clinico-pathological, radiological, operative details, adjuvant therapy, postoperative morbidity, and follow-up data were recorded.

Results:

Sarcoma was the pathology in 7 and recurrent breast cancer in 1 with age range from 21 to 71 years (mean, 50) and preponderance of female patients (n = 5). Defects were located anterior/anterolateral with size ranging from 270 to 1,050 cm2 (mean, 511). Reconstruction was performed using Strattice only in 4 patients, whereas in 4 it was combined with titanium plates. All patients required flap reconstruction (3 pedicled and 5 free). The follow-up ranged from 9 to 52 months (mean, 24.8). Minor complications occurred in 2 patients; however, good functional outcome was achieved in all.

Conclusion:

Strattice would act as a safe alternative modality for chest wall reconstruction to resist infection in high-risk patients with extensive defects. It should be considered as a valuable tool in the armamentarium of chest wall reconstruction.

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