To examine the difference between outcomes in the administration of concurrent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), septoplasty (SP), and rhinoplasty (RP) and concurrent ESS and SP in 1 single surgical session.Methods:
Patients who underwent concurrent ESS and SP from September 2004 to July 2015 were identified. Furthermore, patients among them who underwent functional primary RP were selected. Subjects who had been administered concurrent ESS, SP, and RP (primary RP) were matched for sex, age, sinonasal surgical procedures for treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with patients underwent concurrent ESS and SP, used as control subjects. A literature review was performed to find previous articles describing results of concurrent procedures among ESS, SP, and RP.Results:
Twenty subjects, who underwent concurrent ESS, SP, and RP, were compared with a matched control group made of 20 patients who underwent concurrent ESS and SP, evaluating different postoperative outcomes (postoperative complications, postoperative improvement of respiratory symptoms, persistence of chronic rhinosinusitis symptoms 6 months to 1 year postoperative, need of revision surgery, satisfaction of the patient). Obtained P values showed that there was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05) as regards the different outcomes, except for postoperative complications, increased because of the invasiveness proper of RP (P < 0.05).Conclusions:
Therefore, execution of concurrent ESS, SP, and RP seems to be safe and effective, and additional RP does not modify postoperative outcomes of concurrent ESS and SP except for a little increase of postoperative complications, even if most of them had low impact on result of procedures.