Efficacy of Laser Resurfacing and Facial Plastic Surgery Using Age, Glogau, and Fitzpatrick Rating

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Background:To assess clinical outcomes based on established rating scales in patients who underwent treatment for rhytids using laser resurfacing with and without facial plastic surgery.Methods:Retrospective case review of 48 patients treated by the senior author (J.E.B) between 2009 and 2016. Three reviewers assigned ratings to a total of 48 patients using estimated age and Fitzpatrick, Modified Fitzpatrick, and Glogau scales. Reviewers were blinded to patient demographics and before and after photographs. Patients elected to receive laser-only treatment or combination laser plus facial plastic surgery. Participants included forty-eight patients were selected on the basis that they had either laser treatment alone or laser plus facial plastic surgery and pre- and postoperative photographs.Results:Patients with higher Fitzpatrick scores had a greater reduction in Glogau score (ß = 1.66; SE = 0.59; P < 0.01). With respect to modified Fitzpatrick scores after surgery, patients with higher Glogau scores of 3 or 4 before surgery (P < 0.01) had higher scores after surgery ((ß = 0.07; SE = 0.02; P < 0.01). For estimated age, the average change was -1.7 years after laser resurfacing (P = 0.038; 95% CI, 2.96–3.06 years) and -2.07 years when combined with surgery (P = 0.01; 95% CI, 2.89–3.19 years).Conclusions:Patients with Fitzpatrick scores of 3, 4, 5, younger patients, and those with less rhytids before surgery tended to have lower Glogau scores after surgery. These findings provide insight on an approach to treating ethnic skin and aging face concerns.

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