Sixty Cases of Partial or Total Toe Transfer for Repair of Finger Losses

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Abstract

Our experience with partial or total toe transfers for the reconstruction of finger deficits is presented. Sixty-one toes were transferred to reconstruct finger deficits in 60 patients. The transfers from the big toe consisted of 3 vascularized whole-nail grafts, 4 onychocutaneous flaps which included the nail and a skin flap from the toetip, 16 thin osteo-onychocutaneous flaps, 4 wrap-around flaps, and 3 combined wrap-around and dorsalis pedis flaps. The transfers from the second toe consisted of 6 trimmed toetips including the nail, 16 second toes, 1 combined second toe and a dorsalis pedis flap, and 1 second toe and third toe. The other transfers mainly consisted of other flaps, including a hemipulp flap and a first web space flap.

Regarding the transfers from the big toe, vascularized nail grafts and onychocutaneous flaps were found to be most suitable for the treatment of total nail loss, thin osteo-onychocutaneous flaps for distal phalangeal loss of the thumb, wrap-around flaps with a vascularized iliac bone graft for thumb loss above the metacarpal joint, and the combined wrap-around and dorsalis pedis flaps for a total thumb deficit. Regarding the transfers from the second toe, the trimmed toetips including the nail were most suitable for claw nail deformities, the second toe was most suitable for finger loss except for the thumb with the proximal interphalangeal joint, and the combined second toe and dorsalis pedis flap was most applicable for a total thumb deficit including thenar skin loss. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 92: 1331, 1993.)

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