Perforator-Based Flap for Coverage of Lumbosacral Defects

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Lumbosacral defects on 20 patients were covered with a perforator-based flap. Cutaneous perforators derived from the 9th and 10th intercostal arteries, the 4th lumbar artery, and multiple gluteal perforators that penetrate the gluteus maximus muscle were used as vascular pedicles. Minor complications occurred in five cases. Using this method, minimal morbidity of the donor site is expected because the gluteus maximus need not be sacrificed. Accordingly, perforator-based flaps are especially indicated for ambulatory patients, but for paraplegic patients as well. Even in the event of recurrence, another perforator-based or musculocutaneous flap can be elevated from the ipsilateral side because of the presence of multiple perforators in the lumbosacral and gluteal regions.

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