Financial Impact of Hand Surgery Programs on Academic Medical Centers

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Abstract

Background:

This study analyzes the financial performance of hand surgery in the Department of Surgery at the University of Michigan. This analysis can serve as a reference for other medical centers in the financial evaluation of a hand surgery program.

Methods:

Fiscal year 2004 billing records for all patients (n = 671) who underwent hand surgery procedures were examined. The financial data were separated into professional revenues and costs (relating to the hand surgery program in the Section of Plastic Surgery) and into facility revenues and costs (relating to the overall University of Michigan Health System). Professional net revenue was calculated by applying historical collection rates to procedural and clinic charges. Facility revenue was calculated by applying historical collection rates to the following charge categories: inpatient/operating room, clinic facility, neurology/electromyography, radiology facilities, and occupational therapy. Total professional costs were calculated by adding direct costs and allocated overhead costs. Facility costs were obtained from the hospital's cost accounting system. Professional and facility incomes were calculated by subtracting costs from revenues.

Results:

The net professional revenue and total costs were $1,069,836 and $1,027,421, respectively. Professional operating income was $42,415, or 3.96 percent of net professional revenue. Net facility revenue and total costs were $5,500,606 and $4,592,534, respectively. Facility operating income was $908,071, or 16.51 percent of net facility revenues.

Conclusions:

While contributing to the academic mission of the institution, hand surgery is financially rewarding for the Department of Surgery. In addition, hand surgery activity contributes substantially to the financial well-being of the academic medical center.

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