Comparison of the Efficacy of OnabotulinumtoxinA and AbobotulinumtoxinA at the 1: 3 Conversion Ratio for the Treatment of Asymmetry after Long-Term Facial Paralysis

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Botulinum toxin A injection into the nonparalyzed side is used to treat asymmetry resulting from facial palsy. OnabotulinumtoxinA and abobotulinumtoxinA units are not equivalent. The authors compared the conversion ratio of 1:3 in patients with facial palsy.


Fifty-five patients (age, 16 to 67 years; 43 women) with longstanding facial palsy were randomly treated with either onabotulinumtoxinA (n = 25) or abobotulinumtoxinA (n = 30) injections into the nonparalyzed side. Adverse effects, facial symmetry, subjective satisfaction, and Facial Disability Index were assessed after 1 and 6 months.


The incidence of adverse effects was higher with abobotulinumtoxinA (93.3 percent versus 64.0 percent; p = 0.007). Clinical scores of the nonparalyzed side decreased after 1 month and increased again at 6 months, with no between-group differences. Scores of the paralyzed side were lower in the onabotulinumtoxinA group before treatment, but similar in both groups thereafter. The paralyzed side scores increased after 1 month, and at 6 months were still higher than the pretreatment scores in both groups. Subjective assessment improved at all time points compared with pretreatment scores and differed between the two groups only at 1 month, when the abobotulinumtoxinA group was a bit too paralyzed. The physical function and social/well-being function subscales of the Facial Disability Index did not differ between the two groups.


Both toxins efficiently reduced asymmetry in patients with facial palsy. Adverse effects were higher with abobotulinumtoxinA at an equivalence ratio of 1:3.


Therapeutic, II.

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