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After studying this article and viewing the videos, the participant should be able to: 1. Demonstrate an understanding of risk stratification for venous thromboembolism in surgical patients. 2. Calculate and interpret a 2005 Caprini score. 3. Give examples of modifiable risk factors for perioperative venous thromboembolism. 4. Propose a venous thromboembolism risk reduction strategy using mechanical and/or chemoprophylaxis and justify the risks and benefits of the proposed strategy.This CME article provides an evidence-based summary of venous thromboembolism in plastic and reconstructive surgery patients, with a focus on current knowledge surrounding risk stratification, risk modification, and risk reduction.