How to Diagnose and Treat Breast Implant–Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

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Abstract

Learning Objectives:

After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe the diagnostic criteria for breast implant–associated (BIA) anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). 2. Appropriately evaluate a patient with suspected BIA-ALCL, including appropriate imaging, laboratory tests, and pathologic evaluation. 3. Understand the operative treatment of BIA-ALCL, and indications for systemic chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy in advanced disease. 4. Understand treatment outcomes and prognosis based on stage of disease.

Summary:

The goal of this continuing medical education module is to present the assessment of a patient with suspected breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma, the evaluation and diagnosis, the preoperative oncologic workup, the formation and execution of a surgical treatment plan, and the inclusion of adjunct treatments when indicated. In addition, staging and disease progression for treatment of breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma are discussed.

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