Patient choice and clinical outcomes following positive noninvasive prenatal screening for aneuploidy with cell-free DNA (cfDNA)†

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Abstract

Objective

Evaluate patient choices and outcomes following positive cfDNA.

Method

Retrospective cohort study of women with positive cfDNA through two academic centers between March 2012 and December 2014. Patients were screened based on ACOG indications. Medical records reviewed for counseling, ultrasound findings, diagnostic testing, karyotype and outcome.

Results

CfDNA was positive in 114 women; 105 singletons and 9 twin pairs. CfDNA was positive for autosomal trisomy (21, 18, 13) in 96 (84.2%) and sex chromosome aneuploidy in 18 (15.8%). Certified genetic counselors performed 95% of post-cfDNA counseling. Prenatal diagnostic testing was pursued by 71/114 (62%). Karyotype was available in 91/105 (86.7%) singletons and confirmed aneuploidy in 75/91 (82.4%); the PPV of cfDNA with any ultrasound finding was 93.6% versus 58.6% without a finding. An abnormal sonographic finding was seen in 4/16 (25%) singletons with false positive cfDNA. Fetal termination occurred in 53/79 (67%) singletons and 3/5 (60%) twins with prenatal abnormal or unknown karyotype for autosomal trisomy. Eleven fetuses (11/56, 19.6%) were terminated for suspected autosomal trisomy without karyotype confirmation.

Conclusion

Patient choices following positive cfDNA are varied. Ultrasound modifies the PPV of cfDNA. Termination rates for aneuploidy are not higher than historical controls. Recommendation for karyotype confirmation prior to termination is not universally followed. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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