We analyzed binary mixtures of polymorphs A and B of chlorpropamide ((l-[4-chlorobenzenesulphonyl]-3-propyl urea)) by near-infrared Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy (FTRS). The individual polymorphs were prepared and characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) microscopy, and physical appearance. The FTR spectra of the two polymorphs showed distinct differences which result from “crystal splitting” effects. A series of 13 different mixtures of polymorph A and B was prepared by geometric mixing and their FTR spectra statistically analysed by factor analysis programming. Predictions of the A/B polymorphic composition of mixtures were made and compared with the theoretical values. The results demonstrate that FTRS combined with factor analysis programming may be successfully applied to the in situ monitoring of the A/B polymorphic nature of a chlorpropamide sample.