The Impact of Dose and Solubility of Additives on the Release from HPMC Matrix Tablets—Identifying Critical Conditions

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Abstract

Purpose

The dissolution of HPMC matrix tablets containing different amounts of highly soluble (mannitol) or poorly soluble (dicalcium phosphate, DCP) was studied to deduce the parameters critical to release robustness.

Methods

The release of HPMC and additives was studied using a modified USP II method at two paddle stirring rates, 50 and 125 rpm, at HPMC content varying from 15% to 100%.

Results

At HPMC contents between 30% and 35% a critical point was identified and found crucial to the release from the HPMC/mannitol tablets. Below this point the matrix rapidly disintegrated in a non robust manner. At higher HPMC contents the mannitol release became increasingly diffusion controlled with maintained matrix integrity. The release robustness was lower for HPMC/DCP than HPMC/mannitol tablets at high HPMC contents, however, lacking critical points. The critical point was interpreted as the percolation threshold for HPMC and differences explained in terms of water transport into the matrix.

Conclusion

The release robustness was lower for formulations with additives of low solubility having an erosion controlled release than for additives with higher solubility and a diffusion controlled release. However, for additives creating a steep osmotic pressure gradient, an HPMC content above the percolation threshold becomes vital for maintaining the release robustness.

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