Novel 1-indanone Thiosemicarbazone Antiviral Candidates: Aqueous Solubilization and Physical Stabilization by Means of Cyclodextrins

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Abstract

Purpose

To investigate cyclodextrin-mediated solubilization and physical stabilization of novel 1-indanone thiosemicarbazone (TSC) candidate drugs that display extremely high self-aggregation and precipitation tendency in water.

Methods

TSC/CD complexes were produced by co-solvent method, and TSC/CD phase-solubility diagrams were obtained by plotting TSC concentration as a function of increasing CD concentration. Size, size distribution, and zeta-potential of the different TSC/CD complexes and aggregates were fully characterized by dynamic light scattering. The morphology of the structures was visualized by atomic force microscopy.

Results

Results indicated the formation of Type A inclusion complexes; the solubility of different TSCs was enhanced up to 215 times. The study of physical stability revealed that, as opposed to free TSCs that self-aggregate, crystallize, and precipitate in water very rapidly, complexed TSCs remain in solution for at least 1 week. On the other hand, a gradual size growth was observed. This phenomenon stemmed from the self-aggregation of the TSC/CD complex.

Conclusions

1-indanone TSC/CD inclusion complexes improved aqueous solubility and physical stability of these new drug candidates and constitute a promising technological approach towards evaluation of their activity against the viruses hepatitis B and C.

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