The impact of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery on postoperative renal function

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Abstract

Objectives:

A number of risk factors have been recognised for postoperative renal dysfunction following on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). There are, however, few studies that have evaluated the potential reno-protective effects of off-pump CABG in the presence of other confounding risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine if off-pump CABG reduces the risk of renal injury.

Methods:

Serum creatinine values (preoperatively and day 1, 2 and 4 postoperatively) and other clinical data were prospectively collected on 1580 consecutive patients who underwent first-time CABG from 2002 to 2005. Creatinine clearance was calculated using the Cockcroft and Gault equation. The effect of on-pump vs. off-pump CABG on renal function was analysed, adjusting for age, gender, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular (LV) function and preoperative creatinine clearance, using multiple regression analysis.

Results:

One thousand one hundred and forty-five (73%) patients underwent on-pump CABG and 435 (27%) underwent off-pump CABG. The two groups were similar with respect to age, gender and diabetes. Two hundred and seventy-four (17%) patients were females and 274 (17%) patients had diabetes. Multivariate analysis demonstrated significantly lower creatinine clearance postoperatively in patients with diabetes (P<0.001) and advanced age (P<0.001). The on-pump group had significantly lower postoperative creatinine clearance in comparison to the off-pump group (P= 0.01). The effect remained consistent after adjusting for potential risk factors (age, diabetes, gender, LV function and preoperative creatinine clearance) in the multivariate analysis.

Conclusion:

Off-pump surgery is associated with a reduction in postoperative renal injury.

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