Cutaneous analgesia before transradial access for coronary intervention to prevent radial artery spasm

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Abstract

Aim:

Transradial access (TRA) for coronary intervention is increasingly used in current clinical practice. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the hypothesis that cutaneous analgesia before TRA for coronary intervention at a puncture site 30 minutes before puncture can reduce patient discomfort and the incidence of radial artery spasm (RAS).

Methods:

Patients (n=104) undergoing planned coronary interventions using TRA were prospectively randomized to receive either 1 mL of 1% lidocaine subcutaneously (n=52) (control group) or subcutaneous lidocaine plus 5% lidocaine cream (n=52) cutaneously 30 minutes before puncture (treatment group). The primary endpoint was angiographically or clinically confirmed RAS. Secondary endpoints were the occurrence of patient discomfort in the forearm during the procedure and access-site crossover to the femoral artery. Patient discomfort was quantified with a visual analogue scale (VAS) score.

Results:

Fifty-two patients in the treatment group (60.5±9.4 years of age and 16 female) and 52 patients in the control group (60.4±9.7 years of age and 16 female) were included in the final analysis. Radial artery spasm occurrence decreased in the treatment group compared to the control group (26.9% vs 9.6%; p=0.04) accompanied by a VAS score of 3.7±1.8 in the treatment group and 4.9±2.0 in the control group; p=0.02. The access site crossover rate did not differ between the groups (7.6% vs 21.1%; p=0.09).

Conclusion:

Cutaneous analgesia before TRA for coronary interventions is associated with a substantial reduction in the RAS and the procedure-related level of patient discomfort.

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