Abdominal organ protection strategy for aortic arch aneurysm surgery

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Introduction:Body temperature maintained during open distal anastomosis in patients who undergo aortic surgery has been showing an upward trend; however, a higher temperature may increase visceral organ and spinal cord injury. Distal perfusion may reduce abdominal organ injury, especially acute kidney injury (AKI).Methods:From 2009 to 2016, 56 patients who underwent ascending aortic and/or aortic arch surgery were enrolled. Open distal anastomosis was performed using one of three protection strategies: 1) systemic temperature of 25°C followed by selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) with lower body circulatory arrest (Group CA25, n=27); 2) systemic temperature of 28°C followed by SCP with lower body circulatory arrest (Group CA28, n=4); and 3) systemic temperature of 28°C followed by SCP with distal aortic perfusion (Group DP, n=25).Results:During the postoperative course, levels of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, liver enzymes, lactate dehydrogenase and lactate in Groups CA28 and CA25 were significantly higher than those in Group DP. AKI defined by the AKI Network occurred in 28 cases (50%) and 3 cases required permanent hemodialysis. AKI was significantly higher in Groups CA25 and CA28 than in Group DP (p=0.026). Mid-term follow-up showed that patients who developed postoperative AKI were more likely to suffer from cardiovascular events.Conclusions:Distal perfusion during open distal anastomosis reduced kidney and liver injury after thoracic aortic surgery despite an increased body temperature of up to 28°C. This strategy may be useful to prevent AKI, liver dysfunction, the need for hemodialysis and multiple organ failure and could improve mid-term results.

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