The Kaiser-Permanente Smoking Control Program: Its purpose and implications for an HMO

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Investigated the effects of posttreatment maintenance on the cessation of smoking within 4 behavioral treatment modalities. 72 Ss (mean age 50 yrs) were randomly assigned to either aversive conditioning (rapid smoking), covert conditioning, behavioral group therapy, or a combined treatment group. Treatment involved 5 consecutive treatment sessions and 14 maintenance sessions over a 12-mo period. Results show that after 6 mo of treatment, the combined condition yielded 77% complete abstinence; the covert condition, 67%; the aversive condition, 57%; and the group therapy condition, 15%. 12 mo following treatment, the combined condition yielded 77% complete abstinence, the covert condition, 56%; the aversive condition, 36%; and the group therapy, 15%. It is concluded that psychologists, because of their particular training and skills, can make important innovative contributions to the prevention of illness in health maintenance organizations. (3 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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