Plasma Osteopontin in Comparison With Bone Markers as Indicator of Bone Metastasis and Survival Outcome in Patients With Prostate Cancer

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Abstract

BACKGROUND.

The study was undertaken to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of plasma osteopontin (OPN) in comparison to bone markers as well as the relationships between the markers and clinico-pathological factors in prostate cancer (PCa) patients.

METHODS.

OPN and the bone markers carboxyterminal-telopeptide of type I collagen, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (bALP), and aminoterminal-propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP) were measured in 90 PCa patients with and without bone metastases, 35 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, and 29 healthy men.

RESULTS.

OPN and bone markers were significantly elevated in patients with bone metastases compared to the other groups. Significant correlations were found between all four-bone markers (rs=0.43-0.79, all P<0.01). OPN correlated with tumor grade (rs=0.23, P<0.05). In receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analyses, OPN and bone markers were effective in distinguishing PCa patients with and without bone metastases showing areas under the curve (AUC) between 0.80 and 0.88 (all P<0.001). OPN had an AUC of 0.85 that increased in combination with bALP up to 0.93 providing at the point with the highest diagnostic accuracy both a sensitivity and specificity of about 90%. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Cox proportional hazards regression models showed decreased survival of patients with high OPN and bone marker levels, while only high OPN and PINP were independent negative prognostic factors for PCa-related death.

CONCLUSIONS.

OPN alone or in combination with bone markers is useful as diagnostic marker in the detection of bone metastases and as prognosticator in the survival prediction in PCa patients.

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