A high-fat diet enhances proliferation of prostate cancer cells and activates MCP-1/CCR2 signaling

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Abstract

BACKGROUND.

Dietary patterns including high-fat diet (HFD) and high-carbohydrate diet (HCD) play an important role in prostate cancer progression. However, which of these diets have the greatest effect on tumor progression and its underlying mechanisms remains unclear.

METHODS.

We investigated the effects of different diets on prostate cancer cell growth and the relevant circulating factors including serum insulin, growth factors, and inflammatory cytokines using the in vivo and ex vivo model.

RESULTS.

The tumor growth of prostate cancer LNCaP xenograft was significantly higher in the HFD group than in the HCD and control diet (CD) groups (P = 0.01; HFD vs. HCD, P = 0.025; HFD vs. CD, P = 0.003). The mean level of the serum monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in the HFD group was significantly higher than that in the HCD and CD groups (P = 0.024; HFD vs. HCD, P = 0.033; HFD vs. CD, P = 0.001). The mRNA levels of CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2), which is an MCP-1 receptor, and the expression of activated Akt were the highest in the HFD group. Furthermore, serum from HFD-fed mice enhanced the proliferation of two PCa cells and CCR2 knockdown inhibited HFD-induced proliferation of LNCaP cells.

CONCLUSIONS.

An HFD enhanced prostate cancer cell growth more strongly than an HCD or CD. MCP-1/CCR2 signaling may be involved in an HFD-induced prostate cancer progression. Prostate 72:1779–1788, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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