Racial Differences Among Supported Housing Clients in Outcomes and Therapeutic Relationships

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Abstract

This study examined racial differences between African American and White supported housing clients in clinical outcomes and in their relationships with their landlords, medical and mental health care providers, and religious faith. Housing, mental health, and substance abuse outcomes of 204 White clients and 269 Black clients participating in a national homeless initiative were examined, along with their ratings of their relationships with landlords, health care providers, and religious participation. There were no significant racial differences found on outcomes or on client ratings of the helpfulness of relationships with landlords and health care providers. However, Black participants reported significantly stronger religious faith and religious participation than White participants. Together, these results suggest the religious faith of Black clients should be appreciated as a potential asset in supported housing services and that efforts to maintain racial equality should be continued in the delivery of health services.

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