Crossbred pigs were selected for high (HTC) or low (LTC) plasma total cholesterol (TC). Pigs from the seventh (n = 51) and eighth (n = 92) generations were used to determine restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP). Using TaqI restriction enzyme digestion, the frequencies of two alleles (2.8- or 5.0-kb fragments) of the cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7) gene were determined in the two populations as a potential indicator of TC concentration at 8 weeks of age. Only the 2.8-kb fragment allele was present in the 26 HTC pigs tested in Generation 7. In the LTC pigs both the 2.8- and 5.0-kb alleles were present in 12 pigs, and only the 5.0-kb allele was present in 13 pigs. The allele frequencies of the 2.8 and 5.0 fragments, respectively, were .26 and .74 in LTC pigs and 1.00 and 0 in HTC pigs. There was an association (P < .001) between the 5.0- and 2.8-kb CYP7 alleles, respectively, and low and high TC concentrations. In Generation 8, all HTC pigs were homozygous for the 2.8-kb allele. The 5.0 kb allele was present in all LTC pigs tested and was homozygous in 57% of LTC pigs. Mean plasma TC was 105.0 mg/dl in 30 pigs homozygous for the 2.8-kb allele in Generation 8; means for LTC pigs were 53.5 and 60.4 mg/dl in 35 pigs homozygous for the 5.0-kb allele and in 27 heterozygous pigs, respectively. High TC was associated with the presence of the 2.8-kb allele, and low TC was associated with the presence of the 5.0-kb allele in both Generations 7 and 8. We conclude that TaqI RFLP analysis of the CYP7 gene is a reliable indicator for TC in these swine.