Health insurance is considered by many to be a basic human right. This study explored the differences in health insurance coverage and access to health care by comparing the results of data from 2 large datasets that were collected in 2008. Data from the National Health Interview Survey were compared with data from the National Transgender Discrimination Study. Results indicated that transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals were less likely than cisgender (nontransgender) individuals to have health insurance (χ2 = 13.3). Further, TGNC individuals were less likely to have a primary care physician than cisgender individuals (χ2 = 23.2). The results of this study are indicative of the magnitude of health care disparities for TGNC individuals in the United States. Implications for practice and policy are provided.