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Originally published in Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 1978, Vol 23(10), 756–757. Reviews the books, Progress in Ape Research edited by Geoffrey H. Bourne (1977); and Behavioral Primatology: Advances in Research and Theory, Vol. 1 edited by Allan M. Schrier (1977). These two volumes had different starting points and goals, but they are similar in the sense that they help define the contribution of primate behavioral studies to the understanding of the human primate. Behavioral Primatology is the first volume of a series designed to review areas of current research. It begins with a chapter on classification using the nomenclature of J. R Napier and P. H Napier (1967). The author intended to warn investigators of the instability of nomenclature systems. Correct identification of species is crucial to the continued validity of research findings because genetic and specific differences may affect functions in ways unknown at the present time. In the second book there is a section on communication in great apes. Most of the papers are from the work at the Yerkes laboratory so that they afford an opportunity to review the progress made there. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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