Two With a Similar View—But Different Purview

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Originally published in Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 1979, Vol 24(2), 119–120. Reviews the books, Mental Retardation: A Developmental Approach by Charles Carr Cleland (1978) and Mental Retardation: The Changing Outlook by Robert P. Ingalls (1978). The book by Cleland could have considerable appeal because it is rather different from other texts in the area. In the begining it is suggested that concepts may be profitably applied to the mentally retarded, including Maslow's notion of self-actualization. The whole of Part 2, encompassing five chapters, is labeled “Institution and Community,” and at least four of these chapters clearly fit this rubric; the lone exception might be the chapter on clinical organic syndromes. The final section of the book treats what might be labeled sociopolitical considerations. Strong points of the text include a thorough and a large number of interesting case studies which do a good job of making clear to the student what mental retardation is all about. The text by Ingalls is a good, clearly written book that covers the area of mental retardation in a comprehensive fashion. Both authors have quite similar attitudes toward the problem of mental retardation and mentally retarded individuals namely, that there is great diversity among the mentally retarded and that in most ways all but a small minority are much like the rest of us: There does not appear to be a special psychology of the mentally retarded. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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