WHAT DID BENNIS READ?

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Abstract

Originally published in Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 1979, Vol 24(2), 141–142. R. Lance Shotland responds to Warren Bennis's review (see record 2006-06395-048) of Shotland's book, University Communication Networks: The Small World Method (1976). Shotland states that in the book he presented the results of an investigation of the communication network of a state university using the Small World Method, a sociometric technique. Bennis's major criticism relates to the size hypothesis (i. e., that size is highly correlated with chain length) and then implies that correlation is causation. In his discussion of this point, Bennis makes two misstatements: He suggests that Shotland seems to be aware of this shortcoming and then dismisses it. Bennis labels a series of equations Shotland presented as “useless.” Shotland assumes Bennis is saying that the equations were unnecessary. Bennis quotes from Shotland's summary of previous research and claims there are contradictions. What Bennis finds to be contradictory is that large schools have enforced detailed codes of student behavior, students do not have power, and yet these same universities have expressive student subculture. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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