From Behavior to Brain: How Behavior Guides Reductionistic Analysis

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Originally published in Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 1993, Vol 38(11), 1183–1185. Reviews the book, Behavioral and Neural Aspects of Learning and Memory: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting Held on 1 and 2 February 1990 edited by J. R. Krebs and G. Horn (1991). This collection of papers is focused around biological aspects of learning and memory. The primary requirement for inclusion as a contributor is presentation at the Royal Society, which means most contributors are subjects of the Queen. However, three American contributions appear as well. Consequently, the book reflects one interest of British scientists, which is the biological analysis of learning and memory with a keen eye on ethological and philosophical considerations Birds appear to be a favorite subject of study, and several chapters focus on imprinting in chicks and seed storing in foraging birds. Throughout the book, the number and nature of memory systems that are inferred from different research strategies used in mammals and birds is central. Philosophical learnings are evident in theoretical chapters on the nature of conditioning and Marr's theory of how the hippocampus might be a memory store. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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