Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology: CBT and Chronic Illness

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Abstract

Reviews the book, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Illness and Disability by Renée R. Taylor (see record 2005-16544-000) as it details a treatment method that is well-directed toward use with chronically ill clients or those with disabilities. The reviewer feels that the treatment outlined in the book meet the requirements for a typical managed care company while simultaneously demonstrating adequate clinical validity on the basis of evidence-based practice in psychology. The main focus of the text is on the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with individuals who have specified somatic complaints (namely, fatigue, pain, secondary insomnia, and gastrointestinal dysfunction) and not with other diverse groups. Thus, the reader may need to rely on additional research information to determine whether and to what extent this approach can be applied with others who have chronic illness. For example, adolescents or young children with psychiatric illnesses have benefited from CBT (Compton et al., 2004), but those with somatic complaints related to chronic illness may require a more directed program of CBT such as that outlined by Taylor. Also, individuals who have other chronic illnesses and demonstrate psychological problems, such as people with epilepsy who manifest nonepileptic seizures, may also benefit from Taylor's approach. These topics underscore the need for further research to determine the efficacy of CBT for chronic illness in diverse populations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

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