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The Recovery Self Assessment (RSA) was developed to gauge perceptions of the degree to which programs implement recovery-oriented practices. Nine hundred and sixty-seven directors, providers, persons in recovery, and significant others from 78 mental health and addiction programs completed the instrument. Factor analysis revealed five factors: Life Goals, Involvement, Diversity of Treatment Options, Choice, and Individually-Tailored Services. Agencies were rated highest on items related to helping people explore their interests and lowest on items regarding service user involvement in services. The RSA is a useful, self-reflective tool to identify strengths and areas for improvement as agencies strive to offer recovery-oriented care.