ORGANIZATION OF ABILITIES AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTELLIGENCE

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Abstract

PERFORMANCES WHICH INDICATE INTELLIGENCE ARE INTERRELATED TO PRODUCE 2 BROAD FACTORS, EACH REPRESENTING A KIND OF INTELLIGENCE. THE 1ST, CRYSTALLIZED INTELLIGENCE, INDICATES THE EXTENT OF ACCULTURATION AS IT DETERMINES HUMAN ABILITIES. THE OTHER, FLUID INTELLIGENCE, INDICATES A PATTERN OF NEURALPHYSIOLOGICAL AND INCIDENTAL LEARNING INFLUENCES. THE 2 BECOME INDEPENDENT AS DEVELOPMENT PROCEEDS FROM INFANCY TO ADULTHOOD. MEASURES OF FLUID INTELLIGENCE ARE MORE SENSITIVE INDICATORS OF BRAIN MALFUNCTION; FLUID INTELLIGENCE DECLINES WITH BRAIN DAMAGE AND AGING IN ADULTHOOD. PERFORMANCES ON ABILITY TESTS INVOLVE PROCESSES OTHER THAN INTELLIGENCE. THESE ARE ASSOCIATED WITH SENSORY MODALITY FUNCTIONS, PERHAPS INDICATE ENDOCRINE FUNCTIONS (IN SPEEDINESS), REPRESENT STRATEGIES OR STYLES OF PERFORMANCE, AND RELATE TO MOTIVATION. RESULTS IN SUPPORT OF THE THEORY ARE PRESENTED AND EVALUATED. (74 REF.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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