ATTITUDES TOWARDS DEAFNESS AMONG SEVERAL DEAF AND HEARING POPULATIONS1


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Abstract

Literature related to attitudes towards deafness was reviewed, and empirical studies were reported. Comparisons of several samples of deaf and hearing college students and professionals in attitudes towards deafness were made. Two different attitude tests were used to reduce the probability of test-specific artifact. Comparisons among these groups, and with other findings reported in the literature, revealed that deaf samples manifested more negative attitudes towards deafness than comparable hearing samples. Furthermore, results suggested that deaf respondents believed hearing people hold more negative attitudes towards deafness than is actually the case. Sex of respondent, age and level of education were not significantly related to attitude scores in the samples of hearing persons studied. The findings were discussed and the need for improving the self-image of the deaf person underscored.

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