Psychosocial Factors Affecting the Employment of Former Vocational Rehabilitation Clients

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Questionnaires completed by 211 former vocational rehabilitation (VR) clients 2 years after case closure were analyzed for a clarification of the psychosocial factors that affect vocational adjustment. The major findings of the study were that the primary criteria of vocational adjustment—that is, employment, job satisfaction, and persistence in looking for work—were associated with better self-appraised physical and mental health, greater perceived family support in seeking employment, more optimism about employment prospects, and attribution of the problem source to the environment. These variables suggest useful points for intervention by VR practitioners.

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