Self-Management Training to Decrease Undesirable Behavior of Mentally Handicapped Adults

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A self-management strategy, incorporating self-instruction, self-reporting, and self-praising in conjunction with rewards provided by staff members for applying the procedures, was applied to undesirable behaviors of three mentally handicapped individuals. Using a multiple-baseline design across subjects, the self-management strategy was taught to each client in a training room. Generalization was programmed for each client to a sheltered workshop setting. The treatment effectively decreased the undesirable behaviors in the training room and in the sheltered workshop. Treatment gains spontaneously generalized to a third area for all three clients, and were completely maintained for two clients and partially maintained for the third client at a 3-week follow-up. Social validation procedures revealed that staff and parents considered the target behaviors to be important and the self-management strategy to be an acceptable treatment procedure.

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