Client Attributions for Disability: Perceived Accuracy, Adjustment, and Coping

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ABSTRACT.The effects of client attributions regarding responsibility for the cause of their own disability on perceived adjustment, coping, and rehabilitation prognosis were explored. Rehabilitation graduate students reviewed the vocational evaluation report and resume of a client. The client's disability and attribution of responsibility for its cause were systematically manipulated in the evaluation report. Results demonstrated that the perceived accuracy of the attribution and predicted disability adjustment/coping were a function of the interaction between the type of disability and client's expressed attribution. Adjustment/coping and projected rehabilitation prognosis were positively related to the perceived accuracy of the attribution. Implications for rehabilitation services and suggested future research are discussed.

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