Perception of Disability Labels: Effect of Attitude and Stimulus Presentation

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ABSTRACT.A study was performed to determine how attitudes toward persons with disabilities influenced perception of disability labels. Two levels of attitude and two methods of stimulus presentation were investigated in a 2 X 2 factorial design. Perception of disability labels was analyzed by multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis. Results suggested an interaction between attitude and type of disability label. High attitude subjects generated a preceptual space different from low attitude subjects when the disability labels were specific. When the disability labels were general, the perceptual space generated between the two attitude conditions was similar.

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