Health Locus-of-Control Beliefs and Improvement in Physical Functioning in a Work-Hardening, Return-to-Work Program

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Participants in a work-hardening, return-to-work program completed the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) Scale and were evaluated on five measures of physical functioning, both at intake and discharge. Using cluster analysis, five MHLC-profile types were identified at intake, and those with a combination of high beliefs in internal control and control by powerful others were found to show greater subsequent improvement from intake to discharge on one measure of physical functioning. In addition, three MHLC-change-profile types from intake to discharge were identified, and those showing an increase in beliefs in internal control also showed greater improvement from intake to discharge on two measures of physical functioning.

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