Effects of Disability, Gender, and Job Level on Ratings of Job Applicants

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ABSTRACT.Objective:To examine the effects of applicant disability, gender, and job level on ratings of job applicants.Design and Participants:Full-time workers (n = 88) and undergraduates (n = 98) provided ratings of hypothetical job applicants who differed on the 3 factors of interest.Measures:Job applicants were evaluated on the basis of competence, overall recommendation, potency, activity, and starting salary.Results:Applicants with disabilities were generally rated significantly higher in activity and potency than the applicant without a disability. Additional analyses revealed a significant Gender × Job Level interaction for applicants with a disability.Conclusions:Consistent with D. T. Wegener and R. E. Petty's (1997) flexible correction model, the results of this study suggest that evaluations of job applicants with disabilities may depend on the amount of cognitive resources raters have available at the time the evaluations are made.

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