Substance Abuse Assessment and Treatment: The Current Training and Practice of APA Division 22 Members

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ObjectiveTo determine the preparedness of rehabilitation psychologists to work with people with disabilities with primary or secondary substance-related problems by examining their education, training, and current practice.DesignMail survey.Participants76 (47 men, 29 women) Division 22 members of the American Psychological Association.ResultsAlthough 79% of respondents reported treating individuals with alcohol and other drug issues, over half rated their training in substance abuse treatment as inadequate. Referring to self-help groups and instilling cognitive-behavioral coping skills were common treatments. Participants reported a lack of preparation in substance abuse training in their graduate program coursework, practicum, and internship.ConclusionContinuing education and changes to curriculum requirements, with linkage to existing certification bodies, should be considered to close the gap between training and practice.

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