Gender Differences in Peer Relations of Children With Neurodevelopmental Conditions

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ObjectiveTo examine gender differences in the peer relations of children with congenital neurodevelopmental conditions (NDC).ParticipantsThirty-four children with cerebral palsy or spina bifida and 41 typically developing (TD) children, ages 6–12.MeasuresPersonality Inventory for Children-Second Edition (PIC-2), Social Network Inventory for Children-Child Version, and the Friendship Quality Questionnaire-Revised (FQQ-R).ResultsChildren with NDC report smaller social networks and lower quality of friendships than TD peers. Group × Gender interaction effects were not significant.ConclusionPrior to adolescence, the social differences and risks associated with NDC do not appear to be gender specific.

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