Parenting and Social Functioning of Children With and Without Cerebral Palsy

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Objective:To examine the associations between parenting dimensions and the social functioning of children with and without cerebral palsy (CP). The primary hypothesis was that controlling for cognitive ability, specific parenting dimensions would be associated with higher social functioning, including larger social networks, higher-quality friendships, and healthier social adjustment in children with and without CP.Participants:Forty-one children with cerebral palsy and 60 typically developing (TD) children, ages 6 to 12.Measures:Parenting Dimensions Inventory; Social Network Inventory for Children, Friendship Quality Questionnaire, Personality Inventory for Children-Second Edition, WISC-III Vocabulary.Results:Bivariate associations revealed that cognitive ability was associated with social functioning in both groups. In the group with CP, controlling for cognitive ability, parenting dimensions were not associated with social functioning, in contrast with findings in the TD sample.Conclusions:Findings suggest different parenting influences on the social development of children with and without CP. Theoretical and methodologic implications are discussed.

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