An Examination of the Applicability of the Substance Abuse Proclivity Scale to Young Adult Males

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Derived from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), the Substance Abuse Proclivity (SAP) scale, which had been developed on and for young males between the ages of 16 and 21, was applied to samples of young adult male substance abusers (ages 22 to 26), college students (ages 22 to 26), psychiatric outpatients (22 to 26), and medical outpatients (ages 20 to 29). Analyses demonstrated that the validity shrinkage was very modest when the scale was applied to subjects of this older age range. The correlation between age and SAP scale score was both significant and negative for 363 independently identified substance abusers between the ages of 13 to 26, which indicates that the scale taps something more basic than the accumulated consequences of the chronic use of substances.

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