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This study examined the relationship between reaction expectancies (the perceived likely reactions of parents and peers to individual drinking behavior) and drinking differences by ethnicity in adolescent females. Results revealed that parents were expected to be less approving than peers. Irish females drank more frequently and expected their friends to be more approving of their drinking than did Hispanic females. Within-group analyses uncovered a generally negative relationship between the expected peer reactions and self-reported drinking of Irish females and a positive relationship between these same reactions and the self-reported drinking of Hispanic females. The discussion focused on the ambiguity of expected disapproval ratings and their meaning for drinking by Irish females.