Alcoholics' Perceptions of Factors in the Onset and Termination of Relapses and the Maintenance of Abstinence: Results From a 30-Month Follow-Up

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Male alcoholics were interviewed at 6 points during a30-month follow-up about their perceptions of the causes ofrelapses, factors in the termination of relapses, and copingstrategies used to promote abstinence. Cognitive factors weregenerally rated as having a stronger influence on relapse thanemotional or interpersonal factors. Several factors were perceivedto be important in terminating relapse. Active cognitive copingstrategies were rated as more important in the maintenance ofabstinence than other coping behaviors. The relative importance offactors in termination and coping strategies at each follow-up pointwas highly consistent. A greater reliance on active as opposed toavoidance coping in the 1st 3 months predicted better drinkingoutcomes during the next follow-up period.

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