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Within-subjects analyses were used to examine differences between resisted temptations to smoke (either a specific close call or the most common temptation) and smoking lapses among 130 participants lapsing within 1 month after a self-initiated quit attempt. Participants were more likely to report coping during resisted temptations than during lapses; those who reported coping in both were more likely to report using multiple strategies and combining cognitive and behavioral strategies during the resisted temptation. Participants were more likely to report that the lapse was precipitated by others smoking, but this difference was not significant when the sample was restricted to those reporting a specific close call. No other statistically significant differences were found. Results support previous findings that the use or nonuse of coping strategies during a temptation to smoke is the variable most strongly associated with its outcome.