Exploring Masculine Gender Role Stress and Intimate Partner Violence Among Male Students in Kosovo


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Abstract

Most studies that have examined the association between masculine gender role stress and intimate partner violence (IPV) have been conducted in Western countries, and there is a lack of evidence from non-Western countries. Therefore, this study aims to explore the generalizability of the Masculine Gender Role Stress Scale to a context not previously studied, and to test its association with IPV. The participants were 445 male students from the University of Pristina who were recruited via the convenience sampling technique. Findings from the study show that 5-factor model of the Masculine Gender Role Stress (MGRS) Scale showed a better fit to the data in comparison to the 3-factor and 1-factor model, in sample of Kosovar students. Also, the subscale of the MGRS Scale were consistently associated with each form of IPV (physical, psychological and sexual violence). In addition, the findings reveal that specific domains of masculine gender role stress accounted for variance in the types of IPV. Particularly, physical inadequacy was a consistent predictor across different types of violence, whereas intellectual inferiority accounted for physical and psychological violence perpetration. Implications are discussed in terms of the importance of examining masculine gender role stress domains in a clinical context and the design of intervention programs.

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