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To assess within-subject associations between daily life events, positive and negative mood states, and exercise and the moderating role of personality for the exercise/mood relationship.Within-subjects daily repeated measures.College students (n=106) completed the NEO-FFI (The NEO-PI-R Personality Inventory: Professional Manual) and daily assessments of mood, exercise, and appraisals of daily events for eight consecutive days.Results confirmed the hypotheses that increased levels of exercise would result in significant increases in positive mood states and reductions in negative mood. Even when positive and negative daily life events were controlled, significant associations between exercise and positive mood were observed. Also observed were significant reductions in negative mood when participants exercised more. However, these associations were not significant when daily events were controlled. Finally, aspects of personality were found to moderate the exercise/mood relationship, but these associations were generally small.