The independence of implicit and explicit attitudes toward physical activity: Introspective access and attitudinal concordance


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Abstract

Objective:This study investigated relations between implicit and explicit attitudes toward physical activity, as well as the role of individual differences in introspective access as a possible moderator of implicit–explicit attitudinal concordance.Design:The design was non-experimental and involved self-report and behavioral measures.Method:Undergraduate students (N = 203) completed explicit measures of attitudes toward physical activity and its outcomes. They also completed a Single-Category Implicit Association Test adapted to assess implicit evaluative attitudes toward physical activity.Results:Implicit and explicit attitudes toward physical activity were unrelated and neither private self-consciousness nor private body consciousness moderated the relation.Conclusions:These findings support the theory that implicit and explicit attitudes toward physical activity are independent systems. We discuss the implications of these findings for physical activity promotion efforts.

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