Social-contextual and intrapersonal antecedents of coaches' basic need satisfaction: The intervening variable effect of providing autonomy-supportive coaching


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Abstract

Objectives:Based on Self-Determination Theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2012) and in line with Mageau and Vallerand's (2003) motivational model of the coach-athlete relationship, a new model involving antecedents associated with coaches' self-report measure of total need satisfaction (TNS) was tested. This model hypothesized that: (1) coaches' perceptions of a socially united group of athletes and their self-determined motivation for coaching would relate positively to coaches' provision of autonomy-supportive coaching (ASC), whereas perception of parental pressure in the youth sport context would relate negatively to coaches' provision of ASC; (2) coaches' provision of ASC towards their athletes would, in turn, relate positively to their self-report measure of TNS; and (3) the relation between coaches' perceptions of the sport context, along with their self-determined motivation for coaching, and coaches' self-report measure of TNS would be mediated by coaches' own provision of ASC.Design:A cross-sectional study.Methods:Participants were 222 (Mage = 42.3, SD = 6.1) youth soccer coaches.Results:SEM analyses supported the hypothesized model in which coaches' perceptions of a socially united group of athletes and their self-determined motivation for coaching related positively to coaches' self-report measure of TNS through coaches' provision of ASC. In contrast, coaches' perceptions of parental pressure in the youth sport context was unrelated to coaches' self-report measure of TNS via coaches' provision of ASC.Conclusions:Findings support previous research by demonstrating the psychological benefit of providing autonomy support to others.Highlights:We tested the intervening variable effect of providing autonomy-supportive coaching to athletes.We used youth soccer coaches in a cross-sectional design.Findings support the psychological benefit of providing autonomy-supportive coaching to athletes.We discuss the phenomenon of equivalent models in structural equation modeling.

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