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To examine whether performance expectancies enhance or diminish the learning of a putting task in golf. More specifically, our aim was to replicate a previous study (Palmer, Chiviacowsky, & Wulf, 2016), but to add a control group, in order to more accurately assess whether a large circle around the target enhances putting performance and whether a small circle diminishes it.Laboratory experimental design with three groups: (a) a large-circle group (LCG), (b) a small-circle group (SCG), and (c) a control group (no circle around the target; CG).Participants were asked to perform a putting task aimed at either a target surrounded by a large circle (14 cm in diameter) or a small circle (7 cm), or at a target with no surrounding circle. Participants completed a pre-test of five putting trials, followed by five blocks of 10 putting trials each. Two days later they performed retention and transfer tests consisting of 12 putting trials each.Absolute error was significantly smaller in the LCG than in the SCG or CG in the transfer task.Putting performance was found to be facilitated by enhanced expectancies.